Can oral health have any effect on pregnancy?
More and more studies report an association between periodontal disease, preterm births and low birth weight. Pregnant women with periodontal disease are more likely to have preterm deliveries and small, low-weight infants.
Numerous studies are required to determine how periodontal disease affects pregnancy. Apparently, periodontal disease stimulates increased levels of biological fluids that induce labor and other studies also suggest that when periodontal disease worsens during pregnancy, there is an increased risk of premature labor.
What can I do to make sure I have a healthy pregnancy?
The best advice for women regarding pregnancy is that they should consult the dentist for a checkup and treat any oral problems before they are pregnant. During pregnancy, your teeth and gums need special attention, so you should regularly brush and floss, eat a balanced diet and visit your dentist regularly to reduce the dental problems that accompany the pregnancy.
What oral problems can you develop during your pregnancy?
Studies show that many pregnant women experience pregnancy gingivitis that occurs when plaque builds up in teeth and irritates the gum. Symptoms include red, swollen gums that bleed easily. Pregnancy gingivitis occurs most often during pregnancy because hormone levels increase and therefore, the way the gingiva reacts to the presence of irritants on the plaque is exaggerated.
However, it is the plaque and not the hormones the main cause of gingivitis. Keeping your teeth clean, especially near the edge of the gum, will help dramatically reduce or better prevent gingivitis during your pregnancy and as another recommendation should replace sweets for healthier foods such as cheeses, fresh fruits or vegetables that are better For your teeth.
What should I expect when I check with the dentist during pregnancy?
First, you must tell the dentist at the time you schedule the appointment that you are pregnant. It is best to schedule your dental appointment during the fourth to sixth month of your pregnancy because the first three months of pregnancy are extremely important for your child’s development and can increase the incidence of complications.
Radiographs, anesthetics, pain medications and antibiotics (especially tetracycline) are generally not prescribed during the first trimester, unless absolutely necessary. During the last trimester of pregnancy, sitting for long periods of time in the dental chair can become uncomfortable and there is evidence that pregnant women may be more prone to fatigue. Your dentist, however, is prepared for this situation.
If you need to schedule an emergency visit, let the dentist know about your pregnancy before you arrive. Discuss any problems, past abortion history and medications you are taking because they can influence how your dentist attends to your needs. Your dentist may also want to consult with your doctor before any treatment is started. If you have any questions or concerns, insist that your dentist and doctor discuss your particular needs. If your dentist prescribes any medication, do not exceed the dosage recommended by the professional. This includes aspirin.