Dental caries, an enemy that we can prevent

Formerly it was thought that fluoride acted mainly by strengthening the teeth during the development of children, however recent studies mention that all people without exception can benefit from products such as mouth rinses, toothpastes and fluoride treatments to prevent tooth decay.

Some more frequent cases that give rise to caries:

Experts recommend those who are ingesting drugs that cause dry mouth or suffer from any disease that causes them, it is important to keep in mind that they are susceptible to caries, because before the low salivation is even more difficult for our mouth to neutralize the acids and eliminate food waste.

A more common case of caries occurs in those who use orthodontic appliances (braces), so experts mention that it is important that extreme dental hygiene to prevent tooth decay, since these orthodontic appliances trap many bacteria that can reach to provoke it.

After these examples it is important that if you suffer or not the aforementioned disease or use or not some oral attachment, it is important that from today you begin to take care of the fundamental pillars on which the prevention of dental caries is based that we list below:

  • Control of diet (reduction of sugars)
  • Application of fluoride (gels / toothpastes, etc.)
  • Oral hygiene
  • Toothbrush
  • Tooth brushing technique
  • Use of dental floss
  • Toothpaste with fluoride

It is important that we seek dental hygiene that helps us prevent not only cavities but also any disease or infection, before it is visible or becomes even more complicated.

 

Influence of the brushing

Did you know that the sound that the brush makes when brushing our teeth can make brushing more effective? This is the conclusion reached by a group of Japanese scientists who have discovered that the efficiency with which we clean our teeth can be related to the sound that the brush bristles make against tooth enamel when we brush.

Boredom, one of the causes that leads to not brushing teeth

As explained in his study Take Hashish and Hiroyuki Kajimoto of the University of Electro-Communications, brushing is something basic to maintain good oral health but many people do not carry out this important action because it bores them. They only remember its importance when they discover that their teeth are affected by some oral pathology. In addition, in many cases that same boredom causes the “quality” of brushing to be worse. The scientists tried to find a formula that would improve the effectiveness of cleaning and, in addition, its frequency.

In their experiment they placed a small microphone on a toothbrush so that they could record the sound of the bristles on contact with the enamel. This sound was reproduced through headphones in a group of volunteers while brushing. The scientists also manipulated the frequency and intensity of the sound to see the effect it had on those volunteers.

And the effect, as we have anticipated, was surprising since the volunteers who had brushed their teeth listening to that sound felt that the comfort and quality of brushing had improved. That is, they had the perception that they had been more comfortable cleaning their teeth and that they were also cleaner.

Motivate users interactively

This brush prototype incorporates headphones which, applied to daily brushing in real life, could be very uncomfortable and impractical. The prototype could evolve in its design and incorporate bone conduction speakers, which function as a kind of vibrating loudspeaker. These are used, for example, in pillows that allow you to listen to music or the radio while you sleep without the need for headphones.

In the “brush 2.0”, this speaker would allow to reproduce the amplified sound of the brushing, which would be amplified in the mouth. The sound would vary its frequency to improve user satisfaction before brushing.

 

Calcium is vital for the health of your teeth

It is always recommended to consume foods that contain it and its importance is indicated for the strengthening of bones. But do you know how important calcium is to your teeth? 99% of the calcium that exists in our body is found in bones and teeth. The remaining 1% is in the blood, in the extracellular and adipose tissue. But its benefits to the teeth go further.

The dentist explains that the first thing to consider having healthy teeth and gums is that the bones that support them – mandibular and maxillary – are also healthy. When fully enriched with calcium, the maxillary and mandibular bones remain strong and stable, which not only allows us to have healthy teeth, but also to prevent periodontal disease.

It indicates that the main function of calcium in the teeth has to do with nutrition. As an essential part of the teeth, calcium is the basis of adequate chewing, which is very important for the proper digestion of nutrients, because it provides stiffness to the teeth and gums?

The deficiency of calcium in the teeth is known in dentistry as dental decalcification, although it affirms that the correct term would be demineralization, because when losing calcium also other minerals such as phosphorus are lost. Dental decalcification usually manifests itself in the first years of teething.

What is the problem?

Deficiency of vitamin D and, consequently, of calcium, can lead to different diseases such as late eruption of the teeth, increased sensitivity, tooth decay, tooth fragility and generalized periodontal disease.

Given this, avoid self-medication, consult the doctor to indicate calcium you need.

The amount of calcium in our body depends directly on the amount we ingest. It is important to include the foods that contribute this mineral to our diet, such as dairy products (milk, yogurt, ice cream, cheese …), white bread, cookies, green leafy vegetables and fruits.

 

Bulimia and oral health

Bulimia is an eating disorder that involves compulsive eating, then self-induced vomiting, in order to eliminate everything ingested.

This practice, which is repeated numerous times a day, not only leads to serious psychological consequences but also affects the body in its entire composition.

This type of illness that is more frequent during adolescence and is linked to a problem of self-esteem and the desperate need to lose weight, in addition to affecting the nutritional status brings severe complications to oral health, which are often irreparable, and they are not taken into account, ignoring the relevance that it has in a good diet and digestion.

The induction of vomiting repeatedly causes stomach acids to cross the mouth and erode tooth enamel, causing decay, discoloration and even the loss of some teeth.

The weakness of the teeth makes them more sensitive to cold and heat, while the salivary glands swell and the tongue dries. The processes of vomiting cause redness of the glands of the oral cavity and, in certain occasions, can begin to notice fissures in the corners of the lips, ulcers, blisters and gingivitis.

All these symptoms, which begin to manifest themselves from the beginning of this disease but are hidden by patients, result in severe problems swallowing food, as a result of swelling in the cheeks, chin and neck, which also cause pain at the time of The digestion.

For this reason, periodical dental control is important, since as the teeth can appear worn and of a yellowish color, it is perhaps this specialist who first notes evidence that the person is going through some type of eating disorder.

 

Bulimia and it’s effects on your teeth

Overweight is one of the epidemics of the 21st century. At the same time the social pressure to have a slender figure is very strong and creates guilt in many people.

The paradox is that some of them, mainly women, without thinking more than reasonable (and sometimes even less) also feel that they should eat less or eliminate what is eaten through vomiting by inducing it voluntarily.

The suppression of appetite is known as anorexia and the return of the stomach after eating is called bulimia. Both situations are psychological and are eating disorders.

Frequent vomiting that people who suffer from bulimia or anorexia nervosa try to eliminate what they think they have eaten in excess causes dental disorders that require permanent professional care. The acid contained in the stomach is very strong and softens the enamel of the teeth, causing erosion.

The precautions to defend your teeth are the following:

  • Rinse your mouth, just after vomiting, with baking soda (a teaspoon in half a glass of water).
  • A short while later, brush your teeth, as often as necessary, with a toothpaste that contains fluoride.
  • After brushing, use a rinse containing fluoride.
  • Use dental floss every day.
  • Consider the restoration of the teeth with resins or crowns.
  • Acid with your dentist at least every 6 months.
  • The involvement of the teeth is a secondary problem that will not be solved at all if the problem of bulimia is not addressed in the first place.

It is very convenient that close relatives of the affected person be of great support to be able to get ahead of this serious problem that afflicts more and more.

 

Bruxism of the dream

Sometimes people wake up from their nights of sleep with their jaws sore, stressed or even with headaches, and they do not know why. As much as 8% of the adult population and a third of the child population, may be suffering from sleep bruxism, which makes it a common condition.

The bruxism of the dream, is a par functional grinding (outside the sphere of normal function) of the teeth, an oral habit that occurs while we sleep. Most of the time, the patient is not aware of what is happening, however, the noise of the grinding is often noticed by the person who may be sleeping next to him, and can be very disturbing to sleep habits.

It is not entirely certain what causes sleep bruxism, although studies have shown that some people who suffer from chronic stress and anxiety are more likely to grind their teeth at night. Smoking and drinking coffee or other products with high caffeine content may increase the risk of suffering from this condition.

When the harmful habit persists for a long time, the patient suffering from sleep bruxism may suffer damage to the teeth, including crowns and other dental restorations that may exist, and may cause jaw and headache pain, tension in the jaw muscles and increase the sensitivity in the teeth.

If you suspect that you are suffering from this condition, it is important to consult a doctor to evaluate the best treatment to avoid the complications of it.

 

Brushing teeth prevents the formation of clots and heart attacks

Having a poor oral hygiene not only promotes the formation of cavities, but also allows more complicated situations to occur in the mouth. Gum disease is a condition in which the gums bleed. This blood, infected with bacteria that accumulate in the mouth if the person does not brush correctly and frequently, can go into the bloodstream, form clots and cause even a heart attack.

Researchers in the United Kingdom have determined that there is another reason for people to continue flossing and brushing their teeth. It turns out that the same gum bacteria that plaque causes can have blood clots and be the cause of the risk of heart disease and heart attack.

The lead professor of this study presented the results at the meeting. He also said that poor dental hygiene can result in gums that bleed and that provide a pathway of bacteria in the bloodstream, where they cause blood clots that can lead to a heart attack.

He added that while we must be aware of blood pressure, cholesterol, exercise and diet, people should also pay attention to poor dental hygiene, which increases the risk of heart problems.

Gum disease and dental plaque are the result when bacteria Streptococcus accumulates in the mouth of a person who does not floss and brush regularly. Gum disease causes this area of ​​the body to bleed, which allows bacteria to travel in the bloodstream.

The study found that after the bacteria Streptococcus has in the blood, they use a protein that stays on the outer surface, sequesters the platelets and forces them to make blood clots.

The bacteria are completely enclosed in the platelets that are grouped, which allows them to hide from antibiotics. This helps the bacteria since this clumping of the platelets can lead to inflammation of the blood vessels and can cause blood clots that block the blood supply to the brain and heart.

A study is being conducted to determine how the protein causes platelets to clump together to see if there is a way to prevent it. This work is being done with the use of a new model of blood flow that imitates the circulatory system of the human being.

 

Brushing teeth

To maintain good oral hygiene , there are four simple rules to follow and more or less known: brush your teeth at least twice a day, regularly consult a dentist, give preference to a balanced diet and if necessary ask for a prescription personalized to fluorine. But when is it from the use of dental floss?

Its use is recommended after evening brushing to ensure removal of plaque in areas that the toothbrush cannot reach. The less plaque is present, the lower the risk of periodontal disease. This pathology of infectious origin linked to the stagnation of bacteria in dental plaque affects and destroys the supporting tissues of the teeth (gums and bones).

What complement to the toothbrush use?

Like the right way to brush your teeth, you should also teach users how to use this tool: do not move it in a saw movement, but move it up and down between the teeth. This is important because improper use can damage the gums and teeth and can even dislodge bad bacteria that will invade the bloodstream and cause dangerous infections.

For patients who have difficulty using it, she recommends using ” a mouthwash “. But regardless of the country, the unanimous recommendation remains brushing teeth at least twice a day for two minutes.

 

Dental Abscess

The dental abscess is an accumulation of pus that forms in the teeth and spreads through the adjacent tissues. It has its origin in a bacterial infection and one of its main symptoms is the appearance of a very intense and very acute pain. This pain usually occurs suddenly and is aggravated by the passage of hours and days, giving rise to a great sensitivity in the dental pieces.

There are two types of dental abscess:

Periodical abscess: Occurs when the abscess originates under the tooth. It is the most frequent form of abscess.

Periodontal abscess: Occurs when the abscess originates in the tissues that make supporting the teeth, i.e., gums and bone.

In any case, these two types of abscess have their origin in the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth result of several factors:

Poor dental hygiene: Produced by not brushing your teeth and gums properly after every meal, as well as the fact to omit the use of dental floss and mouthwashes.

Taking too much sugar: Sugar facilitates the appearance of bacteria that cause tooth decay.

How is dental abscess treated?

Before the slightest suspicion of having a dental abscess, the best thing to do is to go to the dentist, since he is the specialist who will know what needs to be done to fix the problem. And is that, it should be noted that abscesses do not improve by themselves.

The treatment usually begins with the drainage of the pus through endodontic treatment, the removal of the affected part of the dental piece or through the application of periodontal treatment.

Local anesthesia will always be used before proceeding, so treatment is not painful.

After the treatment the infection will disappear and the use of antibiotics will help to alleviate the annoying symptoms.

 

Care And Oral Health During Pregnancy

Can oral health have any effect on pregnancy?

More and more studies report an association between periodontal disease, preterm births and low birth weight. Pregnant women with periodontal disease are more likely to have preterm deliveries and small, low-weight infants.

Numerous studies are required to determine how periodontal disease affects pregnancy. Apparently, periodontal disease stimulates increased levels of biological fluids that induce labor and other studies also suggest that when periodontal disease worsens during pregnancy, there is an increased risk of premature labor.

What can I do to make sure I have a healthy pregnancy?

The best advice for women regarding pregnancy is that they should consult the dentist for a checkup and treat any oral problems before they are pregnant. During pregnancy, your teeth and gums need special attention, so you should regularly brush and floss, eat a balanced diet and visit your dentist regularly to reduce the dental problems that accompany the pregnancy.

What oral problems can you develop during your pregnancy?

Studies show that many pregnant women experience pregnancy gingivitis that occurs when plaque builds up in teeth and irritates the gum. Symptoms include red, swollen gums that bleed easily. Pregnancy gingivitis occurs most often during pregnancy because hormone levels increase and therefore, the way the gingiva reacts to the presence of irritants on the plaque is exaggerated.

However, it is the plaque and not the hormones the main cause of gingivitis. Keeping your teeth clean, especially near the edge of the gum, will help dramatically reduce or better prevent gingivitis during your pregnancy and as another recommendation should replace sweets for healthier foods such as cheeses, fresh fruits or vegetables that are better For your teeth.

What should I expect when I check with the dentist during pregnancy?

First, you must tell the dentist at the time you schedule the appointment that you are pregnant. It is best to schedule your dental appointment during the fourth to sixth month of your pregnancy because the first three months of pregnancy are extremely important for your child’s development and can increase the incidence of complications.

Radiographs, anesthetics, pain medications and antibiotics (especially tetracycline) are generally not prescribed during the first trimester, unless absolutely necessary. During the last trimester of pregnancy, sitting for long periods of time in the dental chair can become uncomfortable and there is evidence that pregnant women may be more prone to fatigue. Your dentist, however, is prepared for this situation.

If you need to schedule an emergency visit, let the dentist know about your pregnancy before you arrive. Discuss any problems, past abortion history and medications you are taking because they can influence how your dentist attends to your needs. Your dentist may also want to consult with your doctor before any treatment is started. If you have any questions or concerns, insist that your dentist and doctor discuss your particular needs. If your dentist prescribes any medication, do not exceed the dosage recommended by the professional. This includes aspirin.