Dental Abscess

The dental abscess is an accumulation of pus that forms in the teeth and spreads through the adjacent tissues. It has its origin in a bacterial infection and one of its main symptoms is the appearance of a very intense and very acute pain. This pain usually occurs suddenly and is aggravated by the passage of hours and days, giving rise to a great sensitivity in the dental pieces.

There are two types of dental abscess:

Periodical abscess: Occurs when the abscess originates under the tooth. It is the most frequent form of abscess.

Periodontal abscess: Occurs when the abscess originates in the tissues that make supporting the teeth, i.e., gums and bone.

In any case, these two types of abscess have their origin in the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth result of several factors:

Poor dental hygiene: Produced by not brushing your teeth and gums properly after every meal, as well as the fact to omit the use of dental floss and mouthwashes.

Taking too much sugar: Sugar facilitates the appearance of bacteria that cause tooth decay.

How is dental abscess treated?

Before the slightest suspicion of having a dental abscess, the best thing to do is to go to the dentist, since he is the specialist who will know what needs to be done to fix the problem. And is that, it should be noted that abscesses do not improve by themselves.

The treatment usually begins with the drainage of the pus through endodontic treatment, the removal of the affected part of the dental piece or through the application of periodontal treatment.

Local anesthesia will always be used before proceeding, so treatment is not painful.

After the treatment the infection will disappear and the use of antibiotics will help to alleviate the annoying symptoms.


Care And Oral Health During Pregnancy

Can oral health have any effect on pregnancy?

More and more studies report an association between periodontal disease, preterm births and low birth weight. Pregnant women with periodontal disease are more likely to have preterm deliveries and small, low-weight infants.

Numerous studies are required to determine how periodontal disease affects pregnancy. Apparently, periodontal disease stimulates increased levels of biological fluids that induce labor and other studies also suggest that when periodontal disease worsens during pregnancy, there is an increased risk of premature labor.

What can I do to make sure I have a healthy pregnancy?

The best advice for women regarding pregnancy is that they should consult the dentist for a checkup and treat any oral problems before they are pregnant. During pregnancy, your teeth and gums need special attention, so you should regularly brush and floss, eat a balanced diet and visit your dentist regularly to reduce the dental problems that accompany the pregnancy.

What oral problems can you develop during your pregnancy?

Studies show that many pregnant women experience pregnancy gingivitis that occurs when plaque builds up in teeth and irritates the gum. Symptoms include red, swollen gums that bleed easily. Pregnancy gingivitis occurs most often during pregnancy because hormone levels increase and therefore, the way the gingiva reacts to the presence of irritants on the plaque is exaggerated.

However, it is the plaque and not the hormones the main cause of gingivitis. Keeping your teeth clean, especially near the edge of the gum, will help dramatically reduce or better prevent gingivitis during your pregnancy and as another recommendation should replace sweets for healthier foods such as cheeses, fresh fruits or vegetables that are better For your teeth.

What should I expect when I check with the dentist during pregnancy?

First, you must tell the dentist at the time you schedule the appointment that you are pregnant. It is best to schedule your dental appointment during the fourth to sixth month of your pregnancy because the first three months of pregnancy are extremely important for your child’s development and can increase the incidence of complications.

Radiographs, anesthetics, pain medications and antibiotics (especially tetracycline) are generally not prescribed during the first trimester, unless absolutely necessary. During the last trimester of pregnancy, sitting for long periods of time in the dental chair can become uncomfortable and there is evidence that pregnant women may be more prone to fatigue. Your dentist, however, is prepared for this situation.

If you need to schedule an emergency visit, let the dentist know about your pregnancy before you arrive. Discuss any problems, past abortion history and medications you are taking because they can influence how your dentist attends to your needs. Your dentist may also want to consult with your doctor before any treatment is started. If you have any questions or concerns, insist that your dentist and doctor discuss your particular needs. If your dentist prescribes any medication, do not exceed the dosage recommended by the professional. This includes aspirin.


Brushing Teeth before Eating

The General Council of Schools of Dentistry and Stomatology warns that the oral health of adults and the elderly is worse than that of the US average, although that of adolescents is higher than this average. For this reason, the Council states that the state should invest more in benefits and resources intended for prevention.

On this point, that of prevention, the International Head of the Council, places it as the most important element for the oral health of citizens. In this sense remembers the importance of the classic rule of the three brushes a day, emphasizing the before bed as the main for two reasons. First because we have more time to do it in a more complete way; second because at night there is not as much saliva as in the day, and as this saliva protects against harmful acid for the teeth, we must clean the mouth better.

Patient and professional rights

Another interesting conclusion is to present from now on in the consultations of the dentists posters that will include the letter of the rights of patients and professionals. The objective of this initiative is to improve the professional relationship between both, to approach each other and avoid problems due to lack of information through the knowledge of the duties and rights of each group.

As far as the patient is concerned, he has the right, among other things, for the dentist to respect at all times his privacy, as well as his convictions, to avoid unjustified delays in his attendance, to the free choice of professional, since, In the event of being sufficiently informed, may reject the diagnostic and therapeutic indications that the dentist considers appropriate. It will also enjoy the right to have the professional commit to ensure the continuity of their services, a complete knowledge of the clinical information or the need for their prior consent for any operation carried out on their person, being informed in this case of all The pros and cons.

On the other hand, the dentist can, if he works on his own, choose the prosthetic and laboratory he deems appropriate. If you do it for others, you can count on professional independence and freedom of action in the area of ​​your competence, have conscientious objection, professional secrecy and the possibility of refusing those clinical practices that you deem contrary to the patient. It also recognizes the possibility of discontinuing treatment when a patient refuses treatment, requires inadequate procedures, imposes certain products, refuses to sign the requested consent, or manifests a manifest lack of confidence on the part of the patient.

High number of dentists

Finally, the Council has stated that there is an excessive number of dentists in US. According to experts, the number of dentists is around 17,000, a figure that exceeds 1,200 people the amount recommended by the World Health Organization. This is mainly because it is a liberal profession and the existence of a large number of private schools