Having a poor oral hygiene not only promotes the formation of cavities, but also allows more complicated situations to occur in the mouth. Gum disease is a condition in which the gums bleed. This blood, infected with bacteria that accumulate in the mouth if the person does not brush correctly and frequently, can go into the bloodstream, form clots and cause even a heart attack.
Researchers in the United Kingdom have determined that there is another reason for people to continue flossing and brushing their teeth. It turns out that the same gum bacteria that plaque causes can have blood clots and be the cause of the risk of heart disease and heart attack.
The lead professor of this study presented the results at the meeting. He also said that poor dental hygiene can result in gums that bleed and that provide a pathway of bacteria in the bloodstream, where they cause blood clots that can lead to a heart attack.
He added that while we must be aware of blood pressure, cholesterol, exercise and diet, people should also pay attention to poor dental hygiene, which increases the risk of heart problems.
Gum disease and dental plaque are the result when bacteria Streptococcus accumulates in the mouth of a person who does not floss and brush regularly. Gum disease causes this area of the body to bleed, which allows bacteria to travel in the bloodstream.
The study found that after the bacteria Streptococcus has in the blood, they use a protein that stays on the outer surface, sequesters the platelets and forces them to make blood clots.
The bacteria are completely enclosed in the platelets that are grouped, which allows them to hide from antibiotics. This helps the bacteria since this clumping of the platelets can lead to inflammation of the blood vessels and can cause blood clots that block the blood supply to the brain and heart.
A study is being conducted to determine how the protein causes platelets to clump together to see if there is a way to prevent it. This work is being done with the use of a new model of blood flow that imitates the circulatory system of the human being.