Caries is an infectious and transmissible disease of the teeth, which is characterized by the progressive disintegration of dental tissues due to the action of microorganisms on carbohydrates from the diet. And children also suffer from it.
Dental caries does not depend exclusively on the interaction of factors such as tooth or host, diet, microorganisms, but the generation of the disease requires the additional intervention of other factors such as: time, age, general health, and the administration of fluorides, the degree of instruction, the socioeconomic level, or the past experience of caries. That is to say that factors that are outside the oral cavity are taken into account.
Microbial colonization in a child’s oral cavity can occur only after the eruption of the teeth. However, it is known that transmission can be generated from the mother to the child through saliva, when they share toothbrushes, cutlery, glasses, etc. This disease, if not treated, can lead to pain, and endanger the quality of life, nutritional status and development of young children.
The role of diet
The claim that diet plays a central role in the development of dental caries is unquestionable. The mechanism by which diet affects dental caries is quite simple. The bacteria attached to the teeth, called microbial plaque, has the ability to generate acids, product of its metabolism, and consequently the acidity of the dental plaque can reach the point of demineralizing the teeth.
How are the caries recognized?
If the demineralization of the enamel predominates and the tooth begins to lose minerals, clinically in this initial stage, you can observe a whitish, matte dull spot that is known as the “white spot injury.” At this stage the lesion it could recover minerals, that is to say demineralize, if the cariogenic environment decreases thanks to the use of fluorides, as well as the reduction of carbohydrates in the diet.
Why should we take care of primary (milk) teeth?
Because healthy primary teeth serve as an eruption guide to the permanent teeth to achieve a harmonic position within the dental arch.