Causes of gingival bleeding

Healthy gums do not bleed. Gingival bleeding is a clear sign that there is a problem in our oral health: periodontal diseases, infections … But, why do gums bleed?

It is something that has happened to all of us: when brushing the teeth, the gums bleed slightly. Although it is something much normalized among patients, it is actually a symptom to pay special attention to our smile. These are the causes that, together, cause gingival bleeding:

  • Accumulation of oral biofilm. It is the main cause of bleeding gums. The lack of oral hygiene causes plaque to accumulate between the teeth and gums.
  • Bad brushing technique. In other cases a very aggressive brushing technique damages the gums, causing their bleeding.
  • Bleeding is one of the first symptoms of periodontal disease. In the case of gingivitis, it is the first stage, which, if not treated, evolves to periodontitis.
  • In many cases (especially among children) the cause of gingival bleeding is a minor stroke or trauma.

Normally, gingival bleeding is accompanied by other symptoms, such as inflammation and redness of the gums.

Tips to avoid gingival bleeding

What to do if my gums bleed? The first step is to go to our trusted dentist. Sometimes the bleeding is mild and punctual, but if it persists it is very important to go to the consultation. Gingival bleeding can alert us to pathologies that, if not detected in time, will compromise our oral health. The dentist can advise a professional dental cleaning, in case the cause of bleeding is the plaque buildup.

Maintaining good oral care at home is essential after the review and treatment. To avoid gums bleeding during brushing, it is essential to have a good toothbrush and toothpaste. Regarding the brush, there are many professionals who recommend the use of the electric brush. According to different studies, it eliminates more oral biofilm than the conventional brush.

But it is important to bear in mind that both brushes tend to wear and that it is convenient to renew them every so often. Regarding toothpaste, it is advisable to choose a type of pasta that suits the needs of our mouth. There are several indications to choose toothpaste that is most suitable for our teeth and gums.

In addition to specific brushes, there are other interproximal hygiene techniques. The most common are the use of dental floss and mouthwash. For a deeper cleaning, the use of oral irrigator is recommended. All these techniques eliminate with depth the remains of bacteria to avoid their incrustation and hardening. In this way you will be able to show a healthier and also more aesthetic smile.